insights Out: Additional Resources

Articles and Web Sites that Informed the Paper

 Overview of Child Welfare Financing

Child Welfare Financing in the United States (2012)

This brief summarizes key facts and trends regarding national, state and local child welfare financing in an easy-to-read question and answer format.

Getting What We Pay For: Do Expenditures Align with Outcomes in the Child Welfare System? (2006)

This issue brief analyzes the data released by the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) which explores the level of Title IV-E federal funding and child level outcomes. The brief explains how the federal government’s analysis could be strengthened and which outcomes should be measured for a better contribution to the overall discussion of the child welfare system.

Finance Reform and Overview of Opportunities (2013)

This presentation, created by Christine Calphin and Joan Smith with Casey Family Programs, delves into opportunities for finance reform in Child Welfare services.

Child Trends Survey (2012)

This report summarizes state-by-state child welfare financing data for 2008 and 2010 and national trends from a survey of 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.

Title IV-E Child Welfare Demonstration Projects


Summary of the Title IV-E Child Welfare Waiver Demonstrations (2013)

A summary of Demonstration Projects funded by Federal funds involving the waiver of certain provisions of titles IV-E and IV-B of the Social Security Act since 1994

Ensuring Safe, Nurturing and Permanent Families for Children: The Need to Reauthorize and Expand Title IV-E Waivers (2010)

This report emphasizes the importance of Title IV-E waivers and the need for continued flexible funding methods to improve and advance child welfare federal finance reform.


 California Department of Social Services

A list of documents related to California’s Title IV-E Child Welfare Waiver Demonstration Capped Allocation Project.

Proposals, White Papers and Policy Statements for Child Welfare Federal Finance Reform

NCJFCJ Child Welfare Finance Reform Policy Statement (2011)

Recommendations from the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges for child welfare federal finance reform from a judicial perspective.

Ensuring Safe, Nurturing and Permanent Families for Children: The Role of Accountability in Child Welfare Reform (2011)

This white paper analyzes and possible framework to provide high levels of accountability to improve the quality of services delivered within the child welfare system.

 California Child Welfare Council Toolkit

Federal Child Welfare Finance Reform: The California Framework (2014)

This document provides a snapshot of the current status of each finance reform area, and the ways California can benefit from finance reform.

Federal Child Welfare Finance Reform: A Call to Action (2014)

The Toolkit’s Call to Action provides steps that anyone can take to support children and families and encourage reform.

Other Helpful Resources

GAO Report to Congressional Committees: Child Welfare (2013)

The US Government Accountability Office report on state use of child welfare federal funds.

ChildTrends Data on Children and Youth in Foster Care (2014)

A report on certain indicators, trends in the amount of children in foster care, length of stay in foster care and differences by race and Hispanic origin.

Federal, State, and Local Spending to Address Child Abuse and Neglect in SFYs 2008 and 2010 (2012)

This study provides documentation of the sources and scope of federal, state, and local funds spent on child welfare in the United States during state fiscal years 2008 and 2010.